Marx, 1997 This point considerably noticeable and could support effectively the positive thought toward technology.
Technology and Culture, 10 4 : 528-534 Marx, L.
Technology and Culture, 53 2 : 525-529 Mesthene, E.
Recently people have started to argue about its bad and good effect. 1969 A Special Supplement: Technology: The Opiate of the Intellectuals. Above all, would audiences accept such argument or ignore it? Dupree, 1969 It has been said that the technological inventions may be the most important power in humanity life.14
Mankind has begun to use many different kinds of technology innovation, since the stone use, two million years ago, until the car invention more than hundred years.
Cowan 2010 mentioned that her students who are surrounded by technological life will neither eliminate their cars, nor the rest of their technological things for incorrect ideological argument.
Social Research, 64 3 : 965-988 McDermott, J. 1969 Comment: The Role of Technology in Society and the Need for Historical Perspective. Marx, 1997 They looked at it in a positive way as a sign of social progress until about the last seventy five years, when few Americans have started to see the new technology in a negative way.
Technology the wide concept of knowing and using everything, such as tools and crafts, Woodward, 2013 has been known for a long time.
Finding a main criterion to measure the technology effect if it is good or bad, such as those were mentioned by Marx 1987 to answer his question, if improved technology means progress or not, focusing on three main issues for measurement, efficiencies, cost, and trouble elimination.
Technology and Culture, 51 1 : 199-215 Dupree, A. Cowan, 2010 The misuse of technology which was the cause of two world war, the biological weapons, environment harmfulness, and many other negative things have led some people to rethink about technology and look at it in a skeptical way. 1969 Some General Implication of the Research of the Harvard University Program on Technology and Society.18
New York Review of Books, 31st July 1969 [page not known] McDermott, J.
Technology Review, [volume and part number not found]: 33-44 Marx, L.
2013 Academic Skills Guide B1 atom EAP1.7
Marx, 1987 Some scientists have said that some innovations that were used at first for military purposes were adapted for a civilian use such as internet can be a positive and a sign of social progress.
However, this complicated argument does not change either party that much, because each side seems to defend his idea blindly as McDermott 1967 says, technology is the opiate of the intellectuals.
This Argument may be more effective and acceptable, if it is deprived of ideology, and relies on facts and logical evidences.10
Regardless of the debate about the positive or negative technology effects, some scientists argue that technology use has given mankind superiority over the animal, because it has assisted them to control their environment, and change their way of life continuously.
Mesthene, 1967 McDermott has argued that technology should have a positive effect only, but because those who are stood behind its invention are not aware enough of the society, it has the negative face.
1987 Does improved technology mean progress? Marx, 1987 This thought change may have accrued synchronizing with the huge social change that has come with the new technology, and has been viewed as a sign of serious technology effect.14
That effect is considered as two sides come together, one is useful for the humanity, and the other is harmful.